Landscaping is about much more than placing plants randomly on your landscape. There are many factors to consider in order to achieve a beautiful and sustainable landscape. It is important to choose the right plants and place them in the right place not just for the aesthetic effect but also to ensure that the plants will thrive as well as for the maintenance of your landscape. If you’re curious to learn about how to choose landscaping plants for the best results, read our brief landscaping plant guide below to get you started on the right path.
Site Conditions to Note When Selecting Plants for Your Landscape
Plant selection isn’t just about choosing the plants that look great but also choosing plants that will thrive in the environment in which they are placed. One of the first things to consider therefore is the condition of your landscape. Some site conditions to keep in mind include:
- Availability of water including the quantity and quality of water
- Availability of light including the duration and intensity i.e. full sun, shade, partial shade etc.
- The type of soil and soil characteristics such as compaction and drainage
- Existing vegetation
- The zoning of the landscape
- Conditions below ground for urban sites
- Obstructions above ground such as wires, plumbing etc.
Aesthetic Qualities to Consider When Selecting Plants
Many people invest in landscaping for aesthetics. The aesthetic properties of the plants you choose play an important role in the overall look of the landscape. Below are some aesthetic factors to consider when choosing plants.
- Longevity of the plants
- Their growth habits i.e. how far will it spread, how tall will it grow
- Benefits of the plants to wildlife
- Foliage color, shape, texture
- When does it bloom and what are its characteristics during other seasons
Types of Trees
One of the most important factors to consider when choosing trees is the size of the shade provided by the tree when it is full grown. Different trees have different canopy sizes. They can be broadly categorized as:
- Small shade trees – these are trees with shade cover of less than 35 feet. These include the American Smoke tree, Fullmoon maple, Japanese maple and the American hornbeam
- Medium shade trees have shade cover of between 35 and 45 feet. They include Red maple cultivars, European hornbeam, Red horsechestnut, Korean mountain ash and Turkish filbert
- Large shade trees have shade cover of more than 45 feet. These are suitable for large landscapes or public grounds. They include Black gum, willow oak, English oak and Sweet gum.
There are a wide variety of shrubs to choose from. If you’re looking for shrubs for shade, consider shrubs such as glossy abelia, trident maple and sweet pepperbush. Shrubs suitable for narrow areas or that will provide vertical interest include Sky rocket, Princeton sentry and Fastigiata. Shrubs that are suitable for hedging or providing a screen include hedge maple, fir and spruce.
Types of Ground Covers
These types of landscaping plants are ideal for both small and large spaces. They include woody shrubs such as St. John’s wort, Bearberry, Little Henry and Spirea.
Kinds of Perennials
These include evergreen plants and shrubs. They are categorized as the needled evergreens which include the Japanese garden juniper and the creeping juniper and the broadleaf evergreens which include the Japanese holly and the mountain laurel.
Types of Annuals
These include fruiting and flowering trees and shrubs. They include little leaf lilacs, oak species, shadbush and bayberry.
Work With Our Company For The Best Results
If you want to achieve the best results with your landscape, contact Adam Gorski Landscaping for services from a landscape designer in North Bend.